Sunday, May 22, 2005
Mostar is the capital and the economic and cultural centre of herzegovina and the commune. The town is situadet on the border between lower and Upper Herzegovina in the extension of the Neretva valley, in the spacious ravine of Mostar, 59 m. above sea level. Unlike most others small Herzegovinian towns, whose settlements existed in ancient times, it dates from fairly recent times. The oldest records about Mostar are from the end of 15th century. Until then the medieval town of Blagaj, 15km. to the southeast of Mostar was the main centre of this district, and in the 15th century Blagaj was the capital of Herzegovina. The first historical records say that the settlement began around a wooden bridge with chains and towers. The development of this town is connected with the building of the magnificent stone bridge by the builder, Hujradin, the pupil of the great bilder, Sinan, when a parmanent connection between the eastern western parts of Herzegovina was established.